Both verbal and non-verbal. Consider how you talk and communicate with your clients and or participants, people understand things differently and you may have to find many different ways of saying the same thing.

If you give demonstrations make sure they are spot on.

When teaching group exercise, in some classes you should consider exaggerating and making your movements bigger so that your participants put more in as often when they copy the instructor it’s not as much as they should be for example if the instructor is only giving 80% the participant will be doing much less and you want to get your participants to give as much as they can, not what they think they can….


It’s important to listen to what your client wants or participants feedback. Always ask for feedback and take it on board.

Sometimes you wont need to ask your participants or clients as they will often be more than happy to express how they feel during the exercise or what they like or dislike about it.

Remember there is no need to take this personally the session is about them after all. Also when teaching fitness one size does not fit all! Take on board any feedback as it will not only help the client with their own workout and goals but also you as an instructor and how you can develop your own instructing skills too.


Observe how your clients or participants move and how they feel. Learn to read their face.

By actively observing the way your clients or participants move you will be able to identify any other needs they may have or things that made need adding or amending within their program.

For example is it apparent they are stronger or weaker on one side? Is their technique correct? Is there a sign of any injury? Does it even look like they are enjoying it? Can you tell by the look on their face if the intensity is too much or too little? Look for all theses little signs, they can be spotted whether you are working 121 with someone or in a group.

Adapt and Adjust

Make sure you have an extensive exercise library in your head or written down so that you can adapt and adjust programs or classes as you go should any of the above come up.

Nothing is black and white in fitness as we all react differently to things, everyone’s body is unique so be prepared to give alternatives and change things on the spot if needed

Know your stuff

  • Get yourself a credible qualification.
  • Be prepared to develop your knowledge with continued professional development.
  • Read reputable books on fitness, anatomy or your area of specialism.
  • Practice what you preach.

Claire x


Have you enjoyed our 5 tips on how to deliver effective group exercise or PT sessions?

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